Smoke detectors – now a must in every Singaporean home

4 min read

According to new regulations in Singapore, from June 2018 onwards, all new homes will be required to have smoke detectors installed. Benedict Koh, president of the Fire Safety Managers’ Association shares that whilst Singaporeans have been urged to voluntarily install fire extinguishers and fire alarms in their homes for years now, take up rates have been low. (Cover image credits)

What kind of smoke detector are homeowners required to purchase?

The smoke detector of choice is a battery-operated device that can quickly detect smoke from burning fabric and furniture. Once smoke is detected, the device will alert occupants accordingly.

The device costs $60 – $80 for a basic version and an additional $50 for installation. According to the Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF), the authorities will work with grassroot leaders to identify need households who require financial assistance to pay for these devices.  

Where should the smoke detector be placed?

Ideally speaking, homeowners should have one smoke detector in each room in their home (except the kitchen, so that the detector will not be falsely triggered by smoke arising from cooking). However, due to cost concerns, it is likely that only one device will be required per home.

Adjusting smoke detector in home

Is installing smoke detectors at home really necessary?

Two-thirds of fires (translating to approximately 2,800 fires) last year took place in homes, which is why the authorities are looking to increase fire safety standards using these new regulations. With regards to the effectiveness of these devices, there is evidence to show that they do result in a positive and significant impact. In the United States, for example, the death rate associated with fires in homes with working alarms was less than half the amount as compared to homes without working alarms.

What else can I do to keep my home safe from fires?

– Apart from installing smoke detectors, test them regularly and switch out the batteries every six months.

– Make sure your family members recognize the sound that the smoke detector makes (especially important for households with elderly who might not be able to hear as clearly!)

– Be careful when cooking, and never let children cook without supervision

– Don’t smoke in bed, and don’t burn candles near your bed or near the curtains

– Replace worn electrical cords, and don’t overload power outlets with too many plugs at a time

smoke detector fire at home


What do you do if a fire breaks out at home?

In the event that a fire does happen at home, keep calm and do not panic. Alert all members of the family, and close the door of the affected room so that the fire is contained (if possible). Once this is done, evacuate the area immediately via the stairs (not the lift), and dial 995 for the SCDF. Do not pause to gather your belongings, and do not attempt to return to the building until it has been cleared by the authorities.

If there is a fire extinguisher and/or a hose reel nearby, use this only if you are confident of fighting the fire without endangering yourself. If the fire is out of control, or you can’t breathe due to the smoke in the air, do not attempt to fight the fire and get out of the building as quickly as possible.

Whilst the average Singaporean will be quick to dismiss a fire at home as something that is unlikely to happen to them, it pays to be prepared in the event of an emergency. Sure, the smoke detector might set you back a hundred dollars or so, but it’s a small price to pay in exchange for (touch wood!) the safety of your family. So be sure to put installing the smoke detector on your to-do list for when you move into your new house!

If you found this article useful, recommends 5 unexpected steps you’ll need to take when your house burns down and Are smart homes really worth the hype?

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About Elizabeth Tan

Elizabeth is a writer, a Harry Potter fanatic, and a Game Of Thrones addict.

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Reader Interactions


    • Clifford Lim

      Interesting article, though could use more transparency in my opinion. For instance, out of the 2800 fires, ONLY 430 are non-rubbish chute and discarded items related fires, which may not even be in the home at all. There is already a decline in the number of residential fires, currently less than 0.04% of homes may be affected by these fires.

      Yet, to account for the 430 fires, over 1.1 million homes have to install these detectors, a cost of estimated 240 to 600 million dollars.

      In perspective, here are the actual numbers published by SCDF (

      Fires in open areas : 790
      Fires in non-residential : 506
      Fires in rubbish chutes/bins/ and discarded items : 1789
      Fires caused by unattended cooking : 430

      The 240 – 600 million dollars will, however, be invested on the LOWEST figure.
      This new detector law can be useful if coupled with a greater infrastructure, like a fire detector/social services city grid.

    • Darryl

      Does this mean tenants may be liable for purchase and installation?

      • Krristy Lam

        Hi Darryl,

        Since this is a permanent fixture in the premise, I do not think tenants will have to pay for purchase and installation.


    • hauzan kamil

      this is a good breakthrough. By installing carbon monoxide detector, family safety will be better, much better. As you may already know, carbon monoxide is a silent killer. The gas is colorless, odorless and tasteless. Only detector can recognize it.

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